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6 Pie Charts for Pi Day: Women and the Low-Wage Workforce

In the data visual representation world, pie charts are often maligned [PDF] as the lesser version of a bar chart. Sure, it can be difficult to grasp precise information when it is presented in pie-form, but pie charts can also be a simple way to compare parts to a whole. Since today is Pi Day (∏=3.14159…= March 14th is 3.14, get it?) I thought it would be a great time to display the power of pie charts when representing proportions. In particular, I’ll show you how women are disproportionately represented in low-wage jobs in three sets of pie charts based on new NWLC analysis of data from the Current Population Survey.

For this analysis, the “low-wage workforce” is defined as the ten largest jobs that typically pay less than $10.10 per hour. These jobs and the percentage of women in each occupation are: childcare workers (95%); home health aides (89%); maids and housekeepers (88%); personal care aides (84%); cashiers (72%); waiters and waitresses (70%); combined food preparers and servers (65%); bartenders (58%); food preparation workers (56%); and hand packers and packagers (49%). As you can see, women make up about half or more of workers in each of these occupations. Now the pie charts will tell the rest:

1.

Women make up less than half of all workers but over three-quarters of workers in the low-wage workforce. This fact has a wide array of implications: it contributes to the wage gap, threatens family economic security, and means that women would greatly benefit from an increase in the federal minimum wage to $10.10 per hour.

 

2.

Women of color make up about one-sixth of the overall workforce but more than one-third of the low-wage workforce. In other words, their share is more than twice as great in the ten largest low-wage jobs as in the overall workforce. In addition to disproportionately working in low-wage jobs, women of color experience alarming wage gaps (African-American women are paid only 64 cents and Hispanic women are paid only 54 cents for every dollar paid to white, non-Hispanic men) and high rates of poverty.

3.

Many of the jobs that women have gained back during the recovery have been in low-paying jobs. More than one-third (35 percent) of jobs women gained between 2009 and 2013 were in the ten largest low-wage jobs, compared to less than one-fifth (18 percent) of men’s job growth.

 

These charts make it easy as pie: women and especially women of color are disproportionately represented in the low-wage workforce. A large portion of the jobs women have gained since the end of the recession have been in these low-paying jobs, and we expect this trend of low-wage job growth to continue. The facts speak for themselves: we need to make sure that low-wage jobs pay a living wage and that women are paid the same as men. That will mean more pie for women—and their families!

 

Sources: Workforce demographics: NWLC calculations based on IPUMS-CPS (2013) for 2012. Classification of 10 largest occupations with median wages of less than $10.10 per hour: BLS, Occupational Employment Statistics.

Comments

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トが施されるようになってからは実用上問題ない傷つきにくさを得、販売量でガラスレンズArmani腕時計を凌駕するに至った。現在ではハードコートの施されていないプラスチックレンズは事実上生産されていない。光の反射を防止する。

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women make up about half or

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Your Pi Day Charts

May I have another helping, please?

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