Skip to contentNational Women's Law Center

NWLC Files Second Circuit Amicus Brief in Case Against Quinnipiac University

How close does a school have to be to comply with the “substantial proportionality” prong of Title IX’s three-part athletic participation test? Can schools count cheerleading as a sport under Title IX? When does roster management turn into unlawful manipulation of athlete counts? Are you an inquiring mind who wants to know? Then check out the “friend of the court” brief we filed today, along with 20 other women’s and civil rights groups, in the Second Circuit case of Biediger v. Quinnipiac University.

Our brief addresses the key issues above, which are ones that the appellate courts have yet to delve into, so it will be closely watched by schools, civil rights lawyers, and others around the country. The case was brought by female volleyball athletes who sued their school when it decided to drop their team.  Quinnipiac argued that it could instead count its newly formed competitive cheer squad as a varsity team and be in compliance with Title IX. The district court disagreed, finding that cheer did not meet the Department of Education’s criteria for when an activity can be counted as a sport. The court also rejected Quinnipiac’s claim that it was meeting prong one of Title IX’s three-part participation test. Following the Department of Education’s guidelines, the court held that a 3.62% gap between female enrollment and participation was not close enough because the gap translated into 38 additional spots for women, which was more than enough to field an additional team. Finally, the district court found that Quinnipiac manipulated its rosters to inflate the number of female athletes and deflate the number of male athletes in ways that gave the illusion of compliance but deprived women of genuine participation opportunities.

We urged the Second Circuit to affirm the district court’s decision, and now the waiting begins.

Comments

when I am aligned the wrong

when I am aligned the wrong wayI have to become better at letting my winners run and limiting my loses. vista verde q2

Parce que je me dis que le

Parce que je me dis que le fait de faire une escroquerie et de se faire chopper sans qu'il n'y ai de preuves devien compliqué jer prend le.. debt relief

Day Care etc affordable to

Day Care etc affordable to those who are trying not the ones just sitting back and living.. best site to buy twitter followers

Parce que je me dis que le

Parce que je me dis que le fait de faire une escroquerie et de se faire chopper sans qu'il n'y ai de preuves devien compliqué jer prend le. photo recovery

Day Care etc affordable to

Day Care etc affordable to those who are trying not the ones just sitting back and living off the government. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AC_99kftKFg

affordable to those who are

affordable to those who are trying not the ones just sitting back and living off the government...gold in ira

Day Care etc affordable to

Day Care etc affordable to those who are trying not the ones just sitting back and living off the government. pre bonded hair extensions

I have to become better at

I have to become better at letting my winners run and limiting my loses when I am aligned the wrong wayI have to become better at letting my winners run and limiting my loses. http://www.cheaphairextensionstore.com/fusion-pre-bonded-c-7.html

Parce que je me dis que le

Parce que je me dis que le fait de faire une escroquerie et de se faire chopper sans qu'il n'y ai de preuves devien compliqué jer prend le. Free PDF Ebooks

e Day Care etc affordable to

e Day Care etc affordable to those who are trying not the ones just sitting back and living off the government....invisible dog fence repair

He needs to answer this

He needs to answer this question and make Day Care etc affordable to those who are trying not the ones just sitting back and living off the government.... .. article

best manual backlinks

tted by william on Mon, 2014-02-17 01:41

He needs to answer this question and make Day Care etc affordable to those who are trying not the ones jusbest manual backlinks
t sitting back and living off the government.

usikhan

ubmitted by william on Mon, 2014-02-17 01:41

He needs to answer this question and make Day Care etc affordable to those who are trying not the ones just sitting back and living off the governm elo boost champions

garcinia camboja

illiam on Thu, 2014-04-24 08:50

Parce que je me dis que le fait de faire une escroquerie et de se faire chopper sans qu'il n'y ai de preuves devien compliqué jer prend le ca garcinia camboja

garcinia camboja

illiam on Thu, 2014-04-24 08:50

Parce que je me dis que le fait de faire une escroquerie et de se faire chopper sans qu'il n'y ai de preuves devien compliqué jer prend le ca garcinia camboja

He needs to answer this

He needs to answer this question and make Day Care etc affordable to those who are trying not the ones just sitting back and living off the government garcinia cambogia formula

best fiverr backlink gig

count its newly formed competitive cheer squad as a varsity team and be in compliance with Title IX. The district court disagreed, finding that cheer did not meet the Department of Education’s criteria for when an activity can be counted best fiverr backlink gig

real-world scenario, we might

real-world scenario, we might want to be able to specify the execution time using the CQ5 Web Console. To do this, we need to modify the declaration of the property as follows minecraft for free

delivered

I am a antique 'Article' collector and I sometimes read some new articles if I find them interesting. And I found this one pretty fascinating and it should go into my collection. Very good work! High PR Blog Comments

have to become better at

have to become better at letting my winners run and limiting my loses when I am aligned the wrong wayI have to become better at letting my winners run and limiting my loses when I am aligned the wrong wa review on unlock the iphone

I have to become better at

I have to become better at letting my winners run and limiting my loses when I am aligned the wrong wayI have to become better at letting my winners run and limiting my loses when I am aligned the wrong way unlocking iphone reviews

This type of message always

This type of message always inspiring and I prefer to read quality content, so happy to find good place to many here in the pos http://fancyunlockiphone5.com

Warner

I am always searching online for articles that can help me. There is obviously a lot to know about this. I think you made some good points in Features also. Keep working, great job! بفركس احتيال

Cases of Polio have decreased

Cases of Polio have decreased globally by 99 percent, and I have witnessed first-hand the large impact, through small investments that Americans are making on the hearts and minds of families in develo best 20 inch hair extensions

a real-world scenario, we

a real-world scenario, we might want to be able to specify the execution time using the CQ5 Web Console. To do this, we need to modify the declaration of the property as follows clip in hair extensions

moment de la commission de

moment de la commission de l'infraction. L'âge de la majorité au pénal est donc de 18 ans, contrairement au civil où la majorité est fixée à 21 ans.seboradin

this

appellate courts have yet to delve into, so it will be closely watched by schools, civil rights lawyers, and others around the country. The case was brought by female volleyball athletes who sued their school when it decided to drop their team. Quinnipiac argued that it could instead count its newly formed competitive cheer squad this

olleyball athletes who sued

olleyball athletes who sued their school when it decided to drop their team. Quinnipiac argued that it could instead c Get your training

Cases of Polio have decreased

Cases of Polio have decreased globally by 99 percent, and I have witnessed first-hand the large impact, through small investments that Americans are making on the hearts and minds of families in developing countries responsive design

Hey there just wanted to give

Hey there just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The words in your content seem to be running off the screen in Chrome. I'm not sure if this is a formatting issue or something to do with web browser compatibility but I thought I'd post to let you know. The design look great though! Hope you get the issue solved soon. Thanks|

Cases of Polio have decreased

Cases of Polio have decreased globally by 99 percent, and I have witnessed first-hand the large impact, through small investments that Americans are making on the hearts and minds of families in developing countries. sky contact number

delivered

I have to become better at letting my winners run and limiting my loses when I am aligned the wrong wayI have to become better at letting my winners run and limiting my loses when I am aligned the wrong way. vendita piante online

Evening jazz songs system. In

Evening jazz songs system. In reaction, remembers Manning, “This guy calls up and says, ‘Will you please perform some [expletive] jazz?’” When Manning went returning on the mic, he took time to explain why he select the part, its particulars, and what made the part special. The same audience called Manning returning to thank him for the explanation and for educating. jeff killino

william

This type of message always inspiring and I prefer to read quality content, so happy to find good place to many here in the post... start your own blog

article

ystem. In reaction, remembers Manning, “This guy calls up and says, ‘Will you please perform some [expletive] jazz?’” When Manning went returning on the mic, he took time to explain why article

have to become better at

have to become better at letting my winners run and limiting my loses when I am aligned the wrong way. Job Centre Plus number

I have to become better at

I have to become better at letting my winners run and limiting my loses when I am aligned the wrong way. http://www.maszynydodrewna.com/

loses when I am aligned the

loses when I am aligned the wrong way. ..monster pro dog fence wire

william

Parce que je me dis que le fait de faire une escroquerie et de se faire chopper sans qu'il n'y ai de preuves devien compliqué jer prend le cas des hackers que dit le droit a leur sujet http://hydramet.pl/

william

I like the Wonderful blog and amazing design. Your valuable key points implies much a person like me vippi 24h
corporate housing

I have to become better at

I have to become better at letting my winners run and limiting my loses when I am aligned the wrong way. http://aokmedia.co

william

Are you an inquiring mind who wants to know? Then check out the “friend of the court” brief we filed today, along with 20 other women’s and civil rights groups, in the Second Circuit case of Biediger v. Quinnipiac University. free minecraft account

e needs to answer this

e needs to answer this question and make Day Care etc affordable to those who are trying not the ones just sitting back and living off the government. Discover Europe 4 Mobile

Day Care etc affordable to

Day Care etc affordable to those who are trying not the ones just sitting back and living off the government....contact

He needs to answer this

He needs to answer this question and make Day Care etc affordable to those who are trying not the ones just sitting back and living off the government morgantown landscaping

william

I like the Wonderful blog and amazing design. Your valuable key points implies much a person like me vippi 24h

He needs to answer this

He needs to answer this question and make Day Care etc affordable to those who are trying not the ones just sitting back and living off the government. Advice by Symeons Greek Restaurant

Post new comment