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Montana State Government Leads the Way on Equal Pay with Self-Evaluation of Employee Compensation

Posted by Emily Werth, Fellow | Posted on: August 04, 2014 at 03:48 pm

There is both good news and bad news for women who work for the state of Montana.

Last week the state released the results of a pay equity audit [PDF] that was conducted by the executive branch of the state government – an in-depth analysis of pay practices to understand and identify possible solutions to gender-based pay disparities. The audit found that the female state government employees covered by the pay audit earned on average approximately 86 percent of what male state government employees earned.

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Lesson Learned: States’ Actions on Child Care and Early Learning Show Congress How It’s Done

Posted by Emily Wales, Fellow | Posted on: August 04, 2014 at 09:47 am

On the child care and early education front, there have been some critical steps in the right direction in Washington – introduction of the Strong Start for America’s Children Act, Senate passage of a bill to reauthorize the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG), and President Obama’s commitment to expanding access to early education. But there’s still more work to do to get legislation passed and new investments approved at the federal level. As members of Congress head home for their month-long recess, they should take the opportunity to see what is happening in their own states, many of which have been leading the way to make high-quality child care and early education programs more available and more responsive to families’ needs.

We’ve just released a new summary highlighting some key examples of states’ progress on early care and education in 2014. More than half of states took at least some steps forward on early care and education – increasing funding, redesigning policies to expand access, launching pilot programs, or improving child care tax credits.

Here are some examples of the creative approaches and strong commitments we’re seeing:

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In July Women's Job Growth Slows, Uptick in Unemployment Fueled by Higher Unemployment Among Vulnerable Groups of Women

Posted by Alana Eichner, Program Assistant | Posted on: August 01, 2014 at 04:02 pm

After taking an initial look at the jobs report released by the Bureau of Labor Statistics this morning, my colleague remarked, "Not a good month for the ladies." Look at this month's data, and you'll see what she is talking about.

Only a third of the 209,000 jobs added in July were gained by women, compared to nearly half (47 percent) of job gains last month, according to the revised numbers. Women gained 68,000 jobs in July. Their slow job growth compared to men is particularly noticeable in the fields of manufacturing and construction. Women lost 8,000 manufacturing jobs this month and gained 0 in construction, compared to 36,000 new manufacturing jobs for men and 22,000 in construction. Women continue to be severely underrepresented in these historically male-dominated and higher-paying fields, and face barriers such as sexual harassment, lack of mentors, and stereotyped assumptions, when they do break into the field of construction. To ensure women's economic success, women need to gain jobs in these sectors too.

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Couldn't Live the Wage This Week? Neither Can the Workers Waiting for Congress to Take Action.

Posted by Emily Wales, Fellow | Posted on: August 01, 2014 at 02:05 pm

We say it all the time: You can't make ends meet on a minimum wage income (just $14,500 a year for full time, year round work!). But looking at the numbers is entirely different than trying to live that reality.

Over the past week, advocates and elected officials attempted to live off a minimum wage budget to highlight just how tough it is to stretch these very low wages. The current federal minimum wage — $7.25 per hour — leaves a full-time worker with just $77 per week, after paying for housing costs and taxes. As a result, Live the Wage Challenge participants had to budget their $77 very carefully to cover food, transportation, and any other needs. For most challenge-takers, it was an impossible task.

Rep. Tim Ryan of Ohio took the challenge, and he wrote about how any unanticipated cost — like filling prescriptions for his new baby — threw off his strategy for the week. For Rep. Jan Schakowsky, careful menu planning was essential to stretching her budget — but that still wasn't enough. At the challenge's closing event, she said what workers around the country know to be true: "$7.25 an hour is not enough to live on. It's just not." NWLC's own Julie Vogtman wrote about how, as a new mom, she couldn't take the challenge; $77 simply wouldn't cover child care, baby necessities, and her own basic needs.

The challenge wasn't about truly capturing what low-wage workers face; after all, participants didn't have to figure out housing costs with their weekly budget, and they weren't expected to stop paying their child care providers or skip needed medications. But those limits to the challenge demonstrate just how impossible minimum wage budgeting is.

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From Campus to Congress, Ending Sexual Assault Must Be a Priority

Posted by Michaela Olson, Intern | Posted on: August 01, 2014 at 01:15 pm

I may be in denial about ending my (wonderful) internship at NWLC in just a few weeks, but I'm also excited for what the end of summer means: heading back for one more year at college. Going back to campus means a lot of great things — seeing faraway friends for the first time in months, starting work on my undergrad thesis, and eating tons of soft serve ice cream from the dining hall.

But it also means, apparently, that I'm statistically more likely to be sexually assaulted than my non-college student peers. My liberal arts college community, while idyllic in some ways, is also not immune to the endemic problem of campus sexual assault that you've probably heard about recently. While I don't actively worry about assault on a regular basis, I do carry my college-issued rape whistle on my key chain, and clutch it tightly when I walk alone at night.

This week, Congress introduced several new bills that address campus assault directly. I hope that these pieces of legislation will open up a much-needed dialogue on and off Capitol Hill, about how to move forward and find new strategies for eradicating this pervasive crime from all campuses and communities.

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Fifth Circuit Keeps Mississippi's Only Abortion Clinic Open - For Now

Posted by Abigail Barnes, Intern | Posted on: August 01, 2014 at 10:24 am

On Tuesday, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit blocked a law that would have shut down Mississippi’s only abortion clinic in Jackson Women’s Health Organization v. Currier

Mississippi passed the law in 2012, requiring abortion providers to obtain hospital admitting privileges. The two doctors at the state’s only clinic were denied privileges at every hospital to which they applied. If the law had gone into effect, the clinic would have been forced to close. 

In a 2-1 decision, the Fifth Circuit agreed with the lower court that Mississippi’s law would likely impose an undue burden on a woman’s right to decide whether to have an abortion. This means that the law cannot be enforced against the clinic while the litigation continues. 

The state had argued that women in Mississippi could still travel outside the state to receive abortion care. Judge E. Grady Jolly rejected this argument, writing for the majority, “Mississippi may not shift its obligation to respect the established constitutional rights of its citizens to another state.” 

This is great news for the women of Mississippi, but the fight is far from over. Just last month, neighboring Louisiana enacted a law modeled after the one in Mississippi, and similar restrictions continue to be passed across the country

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Underpaid, Overloaded, and Overrepresented: Findings from NWLC's New Report on Women in Low-Wage Jobs

Posted by | Posted on: July 30, 2014 at 01:15 pm

There are 20 million low-wage workers in the United States — and two-thirds of them are women. 

Unless women have a bachelor's degree, they are overrepresented in low-wage jobs. 

Even in low-wage jobs, women working full time, year round make just 87 cents for every dollar their male counterparts earn. 

These are some of the findings in National Women’s Law Center’s new report Underpaid & Overloaded: Women in Low-Wage Jobs, which analyzes the low-wage workforce (people working in jobs that pay $10.10 per hour or less). The report is full of new data, which you can also explore in our new interactive graphic and map. It also has solutions for how we can lighten the load for low-wage workers.

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Harmful Campus Sexual Harassment and Assault—Not a Free Speech Problem

Posted by Amelia Bell, Intern | Posted on: July 29, 2014 at 03:49 pm

Last Friday I had the opportunity to attend the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights’ briefing entitled “Enforcement of Sexual Harassment Policy at Educational Institutions by the U.S. Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights and the Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice.”

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