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Title IX is the federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in schools that receive federal funding — including in their athletics programs. Since Title IX became law in 1972, NWLC has worked hard to ensure that women and girls are treated fairly in athletics programs — from challenging schools to provide female athletes with equal access to athletic opportunities, to fighting efforts to weaken enforcement of Title IX protections for women and girls. Despite the fact that Title IX has opened many doors for women and girls in athletics, schools across the country are still not providing equal opportunities for girls to participate in sports and are not treating girls’ teams equally in terms of benefits and resources. 

Information for Students, Parents, & Educators

Title IX at Your School

Recent Cases & Legislation


Fact Sheet | Debunking the Myths About Title IX and Athletics

June 30, 2015

Avoid misinformation about Title IX and athletics.  Read below for facts that debunk the biggest myths about Title IX and mens' and womens' sports.


Fact Sheet | Title IX Still Applies: Gender Equity in Athletics During Difficult Economic Times

June 30, 2015

In difficult economic times, educational institutions at all levels face tight budgets. When making hard choices, it is important for schools to remember that if they cut any athletic opportunities or benefits, they must do so in a way that does not discriminate on the basis of sex in violation of Title IX. Recent media reports suggest that some educational institutions may not understand their obligations under Title IX and are imposing a greater burden on girls when cutting athletic opportunities or benefits.


Reports & Toolkits | Finishing Last: Girls of Color and School Sports Opportunities

April 20, 2015

This report, from NWLC and the Poverty & Race Research Action Council, presents new data showing that at the national and state levels, girls of color do not receive equal chances to play school sports. The report delves into the consequences of this inequality for girls of color and offers recommendations for addressing the problem. 


Fact Sheet | The Battle for Gender Equity in Athletics in Colleges and Universities

July 17, 2014

This fact sheet describes the advances that women have made in collegiate athletics since the enactment of Title IX, while identifying the areas in which further work is needed to achieve gender equity.


More Resources

Legal Briefs & Testimony | National Women's Law Center Files Comments to Department of Education re: Equity in Athletics Disclosure Act

March 05, 2013

Webinars & Presentations | What You Need To Know About Title IX and Athletics: A Webinar For Coaches, Parents, and School Officials

September 12, 2012

Webinars & Presentations | How to Use the Civil Rights Data Collection Online Tool to Check Your School’s Record on Title IX Issues

September 12, 2012

Infographics and Internet Memes | Team USA is Powered by Title IX

July 27, 2012

Coalition Action Materials | Does Your High School Have an Athletic Participation Gap?

July 06, 2012