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Title IX is the federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in schools that receive federal funding — including in their athletics programs. Since Title IX became law in 1972, NWLC has worked hard to ensure that women and girls are treated fairly in athletics programs — from challenging schools to provide female athletes with equal access to athletic opportunities, to fighting efforts to weaken enforcement of Title IX protections for women and girls. Despite the fact that Title IX has opened many doors for women and girls in athletics, schools across the country are still not providing equal opportunities for girls to participate in sports and are not treating girls’ teams equally in terms of benefits and resources. 

Information for Students, Parents, & Educators

Title IX at Your School

Recent Cases & Legislation


Reports & Toolkits | Finishing Last: Girls of Color and School Sports Opportunities

April 20, 2015

This report, from NWLC and the Poverty & Race Research Action Council, presents new data showing that at the national and state levels, girls of color do not receive equal chances to play school sports. The report delves into the consequences of this inequality for girls of color and offers recommendations for addressing the problem. 


Fact Sheet | The Battle for Gender Equity in Athletics in Colleges and Universities

July 17, 2014

This fact sheet describes the advances that women have made in collegiate athletics since the enactment of Title IX, while identifying the areas in which further work is needed to achieve gender equity.


Fact Sheet | The Next Generation of Title IX: Athletics

June 13, 2012

This fact sheet discusses Title IX's impacts on athletics for girls and women since its passage 40 years ago and makes recommendations as to next steps to ensure that Title IX's goals are fully realized.  It chronicles the specific ways in which women's and girls' athletics opportunities have grown and been supported, and identifies concrete policy goals and questions for the next generation.


Fact Sheet | Debunking the Myths About Title IX and Athletics

January 30, 2012

Avoid misinformation about Title IX and athletics.  Read below for facts that debunk the biggest myths about Title IX and mens' and womens' sports.


More Resources

Reports & Toolkits | A Platform for Progress: Building a Better Future for Women and Their Families: Improving Women's Education

July 31, 2008

Legal Briefs & Testimony | Brief in Opposition: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill v. Melissa Jennings

August 24, 2007