Skip to contentNational Women's Law Center

Title IX is the federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in schools that receive federal funding.  Sexual harassment and sexual violence are both forms of prohibited sex discrimination in schools, and much of what we might call “bullying” is actually prohibited harassment.  Since Title IX became law in 1972, NWLC has worked hard to ensure that women and girls are able to learn in an environment that is free from sexual harassment and violence—from reaching a historic settlement for a client who was sexually assaulted on campus to testifying before a federal commission on civil rights and bullying and harassment, participating in important Supreme Court cases, and speaking out against sexual assault on campus.

Resources for Students, Parents, & Educators:

Recent Cases & Legislation:


Fact Sheet | Title IX Protections from Bullying and Harassment in Schools: FAQs for LGBT or Gender Nonconforming Students and Their Families

October 11, 2012

Under Title IX, you have a right to be protected from sex-based harassment in school.  This fact sheet answers frequently asked questions from LGBT and gender nonconforming students about how Title IX and other laws can be used to make them safer in schools.


Fact Sheet | The Next Generation of Title IX: Harassment and Bullying Based on Sex

June 13, 2012

Title IX is about much more than sports.  In this fact sheet, we look at the protection Title IX offers from harassment and bullying based on gender and gender stereotypes.  The fact sheet also addresses cyberbullying, and looks ahead to next steps in strengthening Title IX's anti-harassment mandates.


Fact Sheet | Cyberbullying and Sexual Harassment: FAQs about Cyberbullying and Title IX

February 10, 2012

This fact sheet answers some of the most common questions from students, parents and educators about cyberbullying and sexual harassment. For example: What is cyberbullying? Can cyberbullying also be sexual harassment? Must schools respond to cyberbullying?


Fact Sheet | Pregnancy Harassment Is Sexual Harassment: FAQs About Title IX and Pregnancy Harassment

January 17, 2012

This fact sheet answers common questions about sexual harassment and pregnancy.  Harassment because of pregnancy, any related medical conditions, or recovery therefrom, is always sex discrimination.  If you’re experiencing harassment because you’re pregnant or have been pregnant, Title IX can protect you.  Title IX prohibits other types of pregnancy discrimination too (such as not excusing pregnancy-related absences).


More Resources

Legal Briefs & Testimony | Amicus Brief: Fitzgerald v. Barnstable School Committee

August 29, 2009

Fact Sheet | Title IX: A Promise Not Yet Fulfilled

June 09, 2009

Legal Briefs & Testimony | Amicus Brief: Arezou Mansourian v. Regents of the University of California

February 20, 2009

Reports & Toolkits | A Platform for Progress: Building a Better Future for Women and Their Families: Improving Women's Education

July 31, 2008

Reports & Toolkits | Restoring Effective Protections for Students Against Sexual Harassment in Schools: Moving Beyond the Gebser and Davis Standards

January 02, 2008