Skip to contentNational Women's Law Center



Fact Sheet | NWLC Submits Comments to the Department of Labor Re: Proposed Equal Pay Regulations

January 7, 2015

The National Women's Law Center recently submitted comments to the Department of Labor in strong support of the following proposed regulations:

1. Government Contractors - Requirement to Report Summary Data on Employee Compensation

We strongly support the Office of Federal Contract Compliance Program’s (OFCCP) proposal to collect pay data from federal contractors and subcontractors andincorporate it into the agency’s decisions about how to allocate its enforcement resources. The Equal Pay Report will promote the critically important goals of improving enforcement of pay discrimination laws and increasing voluntary employer compliance with those laws. We also wish to make some suggestions for strengthening the proposal to ensure achievement of these goals—by expanding the scope of contractors that must report pay information, ensuring timely and accurate reporting by contractors and subcontractors, and considering relevant information in establishing priorities for enforcement activities. Finally, we share some further thoughts for how OFCCP can promote contractor compliance with pay discrimination prohibitions in its compliance evaluation processes.

2.  Government Contractors - Prohibitions Against Pay Secrecy Policies and Actions

We strongly support the Office of Federal Contract Compliance Program’s (OFCCP) proposed rule implementing Executive Order 13665, which requires that certain federal contractors allow employees and applicants to inquire about, discuss, and disclose compensation information without fear of retribution or penalty. Our comments provide recommendations to ensure its effectiveness. We note that although our comments are primarily focused on how the proposed rule will impact women overall and women of color specifically, the proposed rule is an important step toward narrowing the wage gap for women, workers of color, and all workers.


Fact Sheet | The Wage Gap By State for Women Overall 2013

September 18, 2014

Families depend on women’s wages more than ever, but women working full time, year round are typically paid less than full-time, year-round male workers in every state. Nationally, women working full time, year round typically make only 78.3 cents for every dollar a man makes and the size of the disparity varies by state. Women fare best in Washington, D.C., where women working full time, year round typically make 91.3 cents for every dollar their male counterparts make. New York and Maryland follow Washington, D.C. with the ratio of women’s to men’s earnings above 85 percent in both states. Women fare worst relative to men in Louisiana, where women’s earnings represented only 65.9 percent of men’s earnings.


Reports & Toolkits | It Shouldn't Be a Heavy Lift: Fair Treatment for Pregnant Workers

June 18, 2013

Almost 35 years after the Pregnancy Discrimination Act made it illegal to discriminate against a woman because of her pregnancy, women still face discrimination on the job when they become pregnant. This report details what happens when some workers ask for temporary modifications of their job duties because of pregnancy, such as avoiding heavy lifting, staying off high ladders, or being permitted to sit down during a long shift. 


Reports & Toolkits | 50 Years & Counting: The Unfinished Business of Achieving Fair Pay

June 10, 2013

THE EQUAL PAY ACT is the landmark law passed 50 years ago that requires employers to pay men and women equally for substantially equal work. Yet 50 years later, equal pay is still America’s unfinished business. 


Fact Sheet | How the Paycheck Fairness Act Will Strengthen the Equal Pay Act

May 7, 2012

The Equal Pay Act (EPA) of 1963 made it illegal for employers to pay unequal wages to men and women who perform substantially equal work.  Yet today, women earn only 77 cents for every dollar earned by men.  The Paycheck Fairness Act would update and strengthen the EPA by improving rememdies for pay discrimination, prohibiting employer retaliation, and facilitating class action suits in equal pay claims, among other strategies.


Fact Sheet | A Women’s Economic Agenda Must Help Women and Families Succeed

February 26, 2015

Recognizing that when women succeed, their families and the economy prosper, some legislative leaders are taking action to create opportunities for women in the workplace. The National Women’s Law Center applauds these efforts because investment in women’s economic security is vital for women and their families.


More Resources

Fact Sheet | Long Overdue: Equal Pay for Maryland's Women & Families

April 14, 2015

Fact Sheet | How the Wage Gap Hurts Women and Families

April 10, 2015

Fact Sheet | Closing the Wage Gap is Crucial for Women of Color and Their Families

April 09, 2015

Fact Sheet | Recently Introduced and Enacted State and Local Fair Scheduling Legislation

April 08, 2015

Fact Sheet | The Wage Gap Over Time

April 07, 2015