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Equal Pay and the Wage Gap

American women who work full-time, year-round are paid only 77 cents for every dollar paid to their male counterparts.  We're working to reduce this wage gap and to ensure that male and female employees get equal pay and benefits for comparable work.  An important tool to combat this inequity is the Paycheck Fairness Act, a commonsense bill that would give workers stronger tools to combat wage discrimination, bar retaliation against workers for discussing salary information, and ensure full compensation for victims of gender-based pay discrimination.  The Equal Employment Opportunity Restoration Act (EEORA) is another important bill that addresses employment discrimination by removing the barriers that the Supreme Court erected in Wal-Mart v. Dukes to employees' rights to bring class-action suits under antidiscrimination laws. And raising the minimum wage would help close the wage gap, because two-thirds of minimum wage workers are women.

Click here for analysis of newly released data on the wage gap for women of color.  

Learn More About Equal Pay and the Wage Gap:

Learn More about the Equal Employment Opportunity Restoration Act:

Learn More About the Paycheck Fairness Act:

Learn more about the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act:


 The Wage Gap, State by State Women are Not WorthLess Video
Families depend on women's wages more than ever. Read our fact sheets on the state-by-state wage gaps. Watch our Women are Not WorthLess video on the wage gap and be sure to share it with your friends!


Fact Sheet | The Wage Gap By State for Women Overall 2013

September 18, 2014

Families depend on women’s wages more than ever, but women working full time, year round are typically paid less than full-time, year-round male workers in every state. Nationally, women working full time, year round typically make only 78.3 cents for every dollar a man makes and the size of the disparity varies by state. Women fare best in Washington, D.C., where women working full time, year round typically make 91.3 cents for every dollar their male counterparts make. New York and Maryland follow Washington, D.C. with the ratio of women’s to men’s earnings above 85 percent in both states. Women fare worst relative to men in Louisiana, where women’s earnings represented only 65.9 percent of men’s earnings.


Reports & Toolkits | 50 Years & Counting: The Unfinished Business of Achieving Fair Pay

June 10, 2013

THE EQUAL PAY ACT is the landmark law passed 50 years ago that requires employers to pay men and women equally for substantially equal work. Yet 50 years later, equal pay is still America’s unfinished business. 


Fact Sheet | Wage Gap FAQs

October 5, 2012

The typical American woman who worked full time, year round was still paid only 77 cents for every
dollar paid to her male counterpart in 2011.1 For women of color, the gap was even larger. This fact sheet provides details about the wage gap measure that the Census and the National Women’s Law Center use, factors contributing to the wage gap, and how to shrink the gap.


Fact Sheet | Closing the Wage Gap is Crucial for Women of Color and Their Families

November 13, 2013
American women who work full time, year round are paid only 77 cents for every dollar paid to their male counterparts. But the wage gap is even larger for many women of color working full time, year round, as African-American women are paid only 64 cents, and Hispanic women only 54 cents, for every dollar paid to white, non-Hispanic men.  These gaps translated into a loss of $18,650 for African-American women and $24,111 for Hispanic women in 2012.  Closing the wage gap is, therefore, particularly important for African-American and Hispanic women, who are already more likely to have lower incomes and to be in poverty than virtually all  other groups.   This fact sheet explores the wage gap for women of color and the particular effect the gap has one them and their families.

More Resources

Fact Sheet | How the Wage Gap Hurts Women and Families

April 25, 2014

Coalition Action Materials | Letter to Congress Re: Co-Sponsor and Support the Paycheck Fairness Act (S. 84, H.R. 377)

April 09, 2014

Fact Sheet | The Wage Gap by State for Women Overall, African-American Women, and Hispanic Women

April 07, 2014

Fact Sheet | The Paycheck Fairness Act: Why Women Need Stronger Protections Against Pay Discrimination

April 02, 2014

Issue Briefs | Women are 76 percent of workers in the 10 largest low-wage jobs and suffer a 10 percent wage gap

April 02, 2014