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Equal Pay and the Wage Gap

For more than four decades, NWLC has worked to close the wage gap and ensure that male and female employees get equal pay and benefits for comparable work. The Center has dramatically changed the workplace for women by successfully pushing for laws that could bring about pay equity for women. But there's still much more to be done. American women who work full-time, year-round are paid only 78 cents for every dollar paid to their male counterparts — which means it's important to keep pushing for new legislation that would make the workplace fair for women.

One important tool, the Paycheck Fairness Act, is a common-sense bill that would give workers stronger tools to combat wage discrimination, bar retaliation against workers for discussing salary information, and ensure full compensation for victims of gender-based pay discrimination. The Equal Employment Opportunity Restoration Act (EEORA) is another important bill that addresses employment discrimination by removing the barriers that the Supreme Court erected in Wal-Mart v. Dukes to employees' rights to bring class-action suits under antidiscrimination laws. And raising the minimum wage would help close the wage gap, because two-thirds of minimum wage workers are women.

Learn More About Equal Pay and the Wage Gap:

Learn More About the Paycheck Fairness Act:

Learn more about the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act:

Learn More about the Equal Employment Opportunity Restoration Act:

 The Wage Gap, State by State Women are Not WorthLess Video
Families depend on women's wages more than ever. Read our fact sheets on the state-by-state wage gaps. Watch our Women are Not WorthLess video on the wage gap and be sure to share it with your friends!


Fact Sheet | Equal Pay for Latinas

October 7, 2014

Women overall working full time, year round in the United States are paid only 78 cents for every dollar paid to their male counterparts. But the wage gap is even larger for Latinas who work full time, year round—they are paid only 56 cents for every dollar paid to white, non-Hispanic men. This gap, which amounts to a loss of $23,279 a year, means that Latinas have to work more than 21 months—past the beginning of October—to make as much as white, non-Hispanic men did last year alone.


Fact Sheet | The Wage Gap is Stagnant for Nearly a Decade

October 1, 2014

New data from 2013 show that the typical woman still earns only 78 cents for each dollar the typical man earns.  Learn more about the numbers in this fact sheet.


Fact Sheet | The Wage Gap By State for Women Overall 2013

September 18, 2014

Families depend on women’s wages more than ever, but women working full time, year round are typically paid less than full-time, year-round male workers in every state. Nationally, women working full time, year round typically make only 78.3 cents for every dollar a man makes and the size of the disparity varies by state. Women fare best in Washington, D.C., where women working full time, year round typically make 91.3 cents for every dollar their male counterparts make. New York and Maryland follow Washington, D.C. with the ratio of women’s to men’s earnings above 85 percent in both states. Women fare worst relative to men in Louisiana, where women’s earnings represented only 65.9 percent of men’s earnings.


Reports & Toolkits | 50 Years & Counting: The Unfinished Business of Achieving Fair Pay

June 10, 2013

THE EQUAL PAY ACT is the landmark law passed 50 years ago that requires employers to pay men and women equally for substantially equal work. Yet 50 years later, equal pay is still America’s unfinished business. 


More Resources

Fact Sheet | Paycheck Fairness: Closing the "Factor Other Than Sex" Gap in the Equal Pay Act

May 30, 2012

Fact Sheet | Myths and Facts: What the Paycheck Fairness Act Would Really Do

May 30, 2012

Fact Sheet | How the Paycheck Fairness Act Will Strengthen the Equal Pay Act

May 07, 2012

Legal Briefs & Testimony | NWLC Testimony re: OFCCP Enforcement Actions

April 18, 2012

Fact Sheet | Closing the Wage Gap is Especially Important for Women of Color in Difficult Times

April 11, 2012