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Judges & the Courts


Fact Sheet | Singled Out: What the Supreme Court’s Recent and Upcoming Decisions Could Mean for Women’s Health and Economic Security

December 1, 2014

This Supreme Court Term, another challenge to the Affordable Care Act (ACA) will command attention due to its important implications for many who rely on the ACA for health coverage, but equally importantly, the Court will take up one or more cases focusing squarely on women’s health and economic security.  Earlier this year, the Supreme Court issued two rulings (Hobby Lobby v. Burwell and McCullen v. Coakley) that threaten to have a significant impact on both, in decisions that had the effect of singling out women’s reproductive health needs for diminished legal protections. This Term, the Court will hear a pregnancy discrimination case (Young v. UPS), and another birth control coverage case may be ripe for review before the Term is out. A key question is whether in deciding these cases, a majority of the Justices will continue to dismiss women’s health and economic security or will instead recognize that promoting women’s reproductive health is critical to protecting women’s equal opportunity to achieve and succeed.


Fact Sheet | Supreme Court Preview: 2014-2015 Term

October 6, 2014

This term, the Supreme Court will decide at least one case—and possibly multiple cases—with critical implications for both women’s health and women’s economic security.  The Court’s consideration of these cases comes in the immediate wake of the 2013-2014 term, when the Supreme Court’s decisions in McCullen v. Coakley, Burwell v. Hobby Lobby, and Harris v. Quinn —threatened real harm to both.  In addition, this term the Court will consider two other potentially important employment discrimination cases and a significant housing discrimination case, and may again take up the issue of marriage equality; the legal issues in all these cases are important for women.


Fact Sheet | Women in the Federal Judiciary: Still A Long Way to Go

August 4, 2015

Over the past three decades, an increasing number of women have joined the legal profession.  Since 1992, women’s representation in law school classes has approached 50%. Despite record numbers of female judicial nominees, the percentage of female federal judges, however, is far lower. It is of critical importance to increase the representation of women on the federal bench.


Fact Sheet | Justice Ginsburg's Twenty Years on the Supreme Court

October 7, 2013
During Justice Ginsburg’s twenty years on the Court, in a number of notable cases addressing sex discrimination and reproductive rights, she has authored significant decisions, both for the majority and in dissent, often emphasizing the real world impact of the Court’s decisions on women; in other cases,
she has provided a crucial fifth vote. This fact sheet explores several examples of her influence on the Court.

Fact Sheet | Supreme Court Review: 2012-2013 Term

July 10, 2013

The 2012-2013 Supreme Court Term witnessed a number of blockbuster cases affecting women’s rights, from affirmative action to workplace protections to voting rights to marriage equality. The results in those cases were decidedly mixed, with some historic victories, but also, unfortunately, heartbreaking setbacks. The National Women’s Law Center participated in most of these cases. This fact sheet explains key cases and the potential impacts of their decisions.


More Resources

Fact Sheet | Women in the Federal Judiciary: Still A Long Way to Go

August 04, 2015

Issue Briefs | Green v. Donahoe

July 13, 2015

Fact Sheet | Supreme Court Review: 2014-2015 Term

July 13, 2015

Fact Sheet | Marriage Equality: A Win for Women

June 30, 2015

Fact Sheet | Obergefell v. Hodges, DeBoer v. Snyder, Bourke v. Beshear, and Tanco v. Haslam: The Supreme Court Should Presume Laws Discriminating on the Basis of Sexual Orientation are Unconstitutional

March 04, 2015