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The courts have protected students from sexual harassment in school, established the right to use contraceptives, helped women make inroads in police and fire departments around the country, enforced women's right to equal pay, and found that the Constitution guarantees equal marriage rights to same-sex couples. The robustness of these key legal protections in future years will turn on the balance of power on the federal courts.

Highlights

Fact Sheet | Marriage Equality: A Win for Women

June 30, 2015

In Obergefell v. Hodges, the Supreme Court held that state laws that deny same-sex couples the right to marry or provide that only a marriage between a man and a woman will be recognized under state law violate the Constitution. This historic decision affirms that all Americans have the right to equal protection under the law. While critical to all same-sex couples and families, the decision has particular practical significance for women in same-sex couples.

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Fact Sheet | Obergefell v. Hodges, DeBoer v. Snyder, Bourke v. Beshear, and Tanco v. Haslam: The Supreme Court Should Presume Laws Discriminating on the Basis of Sexual Orientation are Unconstitutional

March 4, 2015

This term, the Supreme Court agreed to hear four cases on the right of same-sex couples to marry. The cases are from four states—Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio, and Tennessee—and raise two historic constitutional questions: whether states have the power to ban marriages between same-sex couples and whether states can refuse to recognize such marriages performed lawfully in another state.

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Fact Sheet | Young v. United Parcel Service, Inc.

November 18, 2014

This term, the U.S. Supreme Court will decide whether the federal law protecting pregnant workers from discrimination means what it says. The Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA) requires employers to treat pregnant workers the same as they treat those who are “similar in ability or inability to work.” At issue in Young v. United Parcel Service, Inc. is whether an employer who accommodates the medical needs of employees with non-pregnancy related disabilities and injuries (as is often required by virtue of the Americans with Disabilities Act, for example) must extend the same type of accommodations to pregnant workers with similar medical needs. If the Supreme Court rules against Peggy Young, it will lead to many pregnant workers being forced to choose between their jobs and the health of their pregnancies. This fact sheet describes the case and what is at stake in the Supreme Court’s decision.

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Legal Briefs & Testimony | NWLC Brief on Behalf of 123 Members of Congress in Young v. UPS Pregnancy Discrimination Case

September 12, 2014

The Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA) requires employers to treat pregnant workers the same as they treat those who are “similar in ability or inability to work.” At issue in  the Supreme Court case Young v. United Parcel Service, Inc. is whether an employer who accommodates the medical needs of employees (as is often required by virtue of the Americans with Disabilities Act, for example) must extend the same type of accommodations to pregnant workers with medical needs.

Too many employers still deny pregnant women basic accommodations that would allow them to continue working and the courts have ignored the clear language and intent of the PDA in allowing this to continue. As a result, pregnant women are forced to choose between their jobs and their health. This amicus brief, filed on behalf of 123 Members of Congress, analyzes the plain language of the PDA and sets out Congress’s desire to ensure fair and equal treatment of pregnant workers through passage of the PDA.

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More Resources

Issue Briefs | Green v. Donahoe

July 13, 2015

Fact Sheet | Supreme Court Review: 2014-2015 Term

July 13, 2015

Fact Sheet | Marriage Equality: A Win for Women

June 30, 2015

Fact Sheet | Obergefell v. Hodges, DeBoer v. Snyder, Bourke v. Beshear, and Tanco v. Haslam: The Supreme Court Should Presume Laws Discriminating on the Basis of Sexual Orientation are Unconstitutional

March 04, 2015

Fact Sheet | Young v. United Parcel Service, Inc.

November 18, 2014