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The Wage Gap By State for Women Overall 2013

Families depend on women’s wages more than ever, but women working full time, year round are typically paid less than full-time, year-round male workers in every state. Nationally, women working full time, year round typically make only 78.3 cents for every dollar a man makes and the size of the disparity varies by state. Women fare best in Washington, D.C., where women working full time, year round typically make 91.3 cents for every dollar their male counterparts make. New York and Maryland follow Washington, D.C. with the ratio of women’s to men’s earnings above 85 percent in both states. Women fare worst relative to men in Louisiana, where women’s earnings represented only 65.9 percent of men’s earnings.

National Women’s Law Center Files Federal Court Appeal in Sexual Assault Case

National Women’s Law Center Files Federal Court Appeal in Sexual Assault Case

The National Women’s Law Center (NWLC) and the Alabama law firm Mastando & Artrip, LLC have filed an appeal with the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit in a lawsuit against the Madison County School Board and its officials for violating Title IX, the U.S. Constitution, and state law.  The case alleges that the Defendants did not properly respond to a long pattern of sexual harassment by a male student, and instead arranged for a 14-year-old female student to meet him in the bathroom in order to catch him in the act of harassment so that he could be punished.  The female student was raped by the male student in the bathroom before anyone arrived to catch him.

NWLC Brief on Behalf of 123 Members of Congress in Young v. UPS Pregnancy Discrimination Case

The Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA) requires employers to treat pregnant workers the same as they treat those who are “similar in ability or inability to work.” At issue in  the Supreme Court case Young v. United Parcel Service, Inc. is whether an employer who accommodates the medical needs of employees (as is often required by virtue of the Americans with Disabilities Act, for example) must extend the same type of accommodations to pregnant workers with medical needs.

Too many employers still deny pregnant women basic accommodations that would allow them to continue working and the courts have ignored the clear language and intent of the PDA in allowing this to continue. As a result, pregnant women are forced to choose between their jobs and their health. This amicus brief, filed on behalf of 123 Members of Congress, analyzes the plain language of the PDA and sets out Congress’s desire to ensure fair and equal treatment of pregnant workers through passage of the PDA.

Reports & Toolkits

February 18, 2015
Women are half the workforce and families depend on women’s income more than ever before. They are breadwinners or co-breadwinners in two-thirds of American families and continue to bear a disproportionate share of caregiving responsibilities. Yet, our nation’s public policies and workplace practices too often are based on outdated assumptions about who works, who stays home, and the supports necessary to make sure families are economically secure. Because of this, women and their families are left behind. Women continue to be paid less than men; do not have access to comprehensive health care services, including reproductive health care; struggle to access affordable, high-quality child care and early education; are subject to unpredictable and inflexible work schedules; lack basic benefits such as paid sick leave and family leave; experience workplace discrimination, harassment, and unfair treatment; face barriers in accessing education; and are prevented from taking collective action. Now is the time for advocates and legislators to advance a broad vision that knocks down these barriers, remedies discrimination, ensures accountability, and provides key supports that enable women and their families to be economically secure.
December 16, 2014
The toolkit for advocates includes outreach tips and tools to help families claim valuable tax credits.

Fact Sheets

March 23, 2015

This fact sheet explains the proposals in President Obama's FY 2016 budget that would invest in workforce preparations that are particularly important to low-income women, improve wages and workplace policies for women and families, and protect workers rights.

March 23, 2015

President Obama’s FY 2016 budget would promote tax fairness and raise revenue needed to support vital programs, finance new investments to help families get ahead, and reduce the deficit by closing tax loopholes and curbing tax breaks for wealthy investors, corporations, and large financial institutions.

Legal Briefs & Testimony

March 18, 2015

Invited testimony by Joan Entmacher presents key statistics showing how public programs lift millions of Americans out of poverty, and the major gaps that exist in these safety net and work support programs.

March 03, 2015

The National Women’s Law Center joined the American Civil Liberties Union, Legal Momentum, and other civil rights advocates as amici curiae on a brief filed with the D.C. Circuit in support of the Department of Labor (DOL) in Home Care Association of America vs. Weil.

Coalition Action Materials

March 23, 2015

It’s time for Congress to stand up for the rights of working women and to advance fair pay. On behalf of a broad coalition of organizations that promote economic opportunity for women and full enforcement of antidiscrimination laws, we urge you to co-sponsor and work to swiftly pass the Paycheck Fairness Act.

March 20, 2015

Re: Opposition to NLRB S.J. Res. 8, H.J. Res 29

Dear Representative,

Webinars & Presentations

Below are resources related to past NWLC webinars, conference calls and other presentations. Please see our list of upcoming calls & webinars.


March 19, 2015

Title IX  Academy is a series of webinars designed for students, parents, educators, and activists to learn more about how Title IX applies to a range of topics. This webinar covers:

• A general overview of how Title IX applies to student parents and student parents-to-be. 

• Tips for recognizing Title IX problems at your school & how to address them. 

• An opportunity to ask questions of our experts.

February 19, 2015

Title IX  Academy is a series of webinars designed for students, parents, educators, and activists to learn more about how Title IX applies to a range of topics. This webinar covers: 

  • An overview of how Title IX applies to sexual assault in educational settings, and 
  • Tips for recognizing Title IX problems at you school and how to address them