Families depend on women’s wages more than ever, but women working full time, year round are typically paid less than full-time, year-round male workers in every state. Nationally, women working full time, year round typically make only 78.3 cents for every dollar a man makes and the size of the disparity varies by state. Women fare best in Washington, D.C., where women working full time, year round typically make 91.3 cents for every dollar their male counterparts make. New York and Maryland follow Washington, D.C. with the ratio of women’s to men’s earnings above 85 percent in both states. Women fare worst relative to men in Louisiana, where women’s earnings represented only 65.9 percent of men’s earnings.
National Women’s Law Center Files Federal Court Appeal in Sexual Assault Case
The National Women’s Law Center (NWLC) and the Alabama law firm Mastando & Artrip, LLC have filed an appeal with the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit in a lawsuit against the Madison County School Board and its officials for violating Title IX, the U.S. Constitution, and state law. The case alleges that the Defendants did not properly respond to a long pattern of sexual harassment by a male student, and instead arranged for a 14-year-old female student to meet him in the bathroom in order to catch him in the act of harassment so that he could be punished. The female student was raped by the male student in the bathroom before anyone arrived to catch him.
The Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA) requires employers to treat pregnant workers the same as they treat those who are “similar in ability or inability to work.” At issue in the Supreme Court case Young v. United Parcel Service, Inc. is whether an employer who accommodates the medical needs of employees (as is often required by virtue of the Americans with Disabilities Act, for example) must extend the same type of accommodations to pregnant workers with medical needs.
Too many employers still deny pregnant women basic accommodations that would allow them to continue working and the courts have ignored the clear language and intent of the PDA in allowing this to continue. As a result, pregnant women are forced to choose between their jobs and their health. This amicus brief, filed on behalf of 123 Members of Congress, analyzes the plain language of the PDA and sets out Congress’s desire to ensure fair and equal treatment of pregnant workers through passage of the PDA.