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The Wage Gap By State for Women Overall 2013

Families depend on women’s wages more than ever, but women working full time, year round are typically paid less than full-time, year-round male workers in every state. Nationally, women working full time, year round typically make only 78.3 cents for every dollar a man makes and the size of the disparity varies by state. Women fare best in Washington, D.C., where women working full time, year round typically make 91.3 cents for every dollar their male counterparts make. New York and Maryland follow Washington, D.C. with the ratio of women’s to men’s earnings above 85 percent in both states. Women fare worst relative to men in Louisiana, where women’s earnings represented only 65.9 percent of men’s earnings.

National Women’s Law Center Files Federal Court Appeal in Sexual Assault Case

National Women’s Law Center Files Federal Court Appeal in Sexual Assault Case

The National Women’s Law Center (NWLC) and the Alabama law firm Mastando & Artrip, LLC have filed an appeal with the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit in a lawsuit against the Madison County School Board and its officials for violating Title IX, the U.S. Constitution, and state law.  The case alleges that the Defendants did not properly respond to a long pattern of sexual harassment by a male student, and instead arranged for a 14-year-old female student to meet him in the bathroom in order to catch him in the act of harassment so that he could be punished.  The female student was raped by the male student in the bathroom before anyone arrived to catch him.

NWLC Brief on Behalf of 123 Members of Congress in Young v. UPS Pregnancy Discrimination Case

The Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA) requires employers to treat pregnant workers the same as they treat those who are “similar in ability or inability to work.” At issue in  the Supreme Court case Young v. United Parcel Service, Inc. is whether an employer who accommodates the medical needs of employees (as is often required by virtue of the Americans with Disabilities Act, for example) must extend the same type of accommodations to pregnant workers with medical needs.

Too many employers still deny pregnant women basic accommodations that would allow them to continue working and the courts have ignored the clear language and intent of the PDA in allowing this to continue. As a result, pregnant women are forced to choose between their jobs and their health. This amicus brief, filed on behalf of 123 Members of Congress, analyzes the plain language of the PDA and sets out Congress’s desire to ensure fair and equal treatment of pregnant workers through passage of the PDA.

Reports & Toolkits

February 18, 2015
Women are half the workforce and families depend on women’s income more than ever before. They are breadwinners or co-breadwinners in two-thirds of American families and continue to bear a disproportionate share of caregiving responsibilities. Yet, our nation’s public policies and workplace practices too often are based on outdated assumptions about who works, who stays home, and the supports necessary to make sure families are economically secure. Because of this, women and their families are left behind. Women continue to be paid less than men; do not have access to comprehensive health care services, including reproductive health care; struggle to access affordable, high-quality child care and early education; are subject to unpredictable and inflexible work schedules; lack basic benefits such as paid sick leave and family leave; experience workplace discrimination, harassment, and unfair treatment; face barriers in accessing education; and are prevented from taking collective action. Now is the time for advocates and legislators to advance a broad vision that knocks down these barriers, remedies discrimination, ensures accountability, and provides key supports that enable women and their families to be economically secure.
December 16, 2014
The toolkit for advocates includes outreach tips and tools to help families claim valuable tax credits.

Fact Sheets

March 04, 2015

Pay discrimination remains a persistent problem in the workforce.  In Maryland, on average, women earn about 85.5 cents for every dollar earned by men.1 African American women in Maryland earn only 69.7 cents for every dollar earned by men, and the gap is even larger for Maryland’s Hispanic women, who earn only 46.6 cents for every dollar earned by men.2 SB 424, the Equal Pay for Equal Work Act, and SB 425, the Wage Discrimination and Discussion Protection Act, would strengthen Maryland’s equal pay law and provide workers with the tools they need to combat pay discrimination and close the wage gap.

March 04, 2015

This term, the Supreme Court agreed to hear four cases on the right of same-sex couples to marry. The cases are from four states—Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio, and Tennessee—and raise two historic constitutional questions: whether states have the power to ban marriages between same-sex couples and whether states can refuse to recognize such marriages performed lawfully in another state.

Legal Briefs & Testimony

March 03, 2015

The National Women’s Law Center joined the American Civil Liberties Union, Legal Momentum, and other civil rights advocates as amici curiae on a brief filed with the D.C. Circuit in support of the Department of Labor (DOL) in Home Care Association of America vs. Weil.

February 20, 2015

Testimony of Fatima Goss Graves
Vice President for Education & Employment
National Women’s Law Center

U.S. Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor & Pensions
Economic Security for Working Women: A Roundtable Discussion
May 20, 2014

Thank you for the opportunity to speak today on behalf of the National Women’s Law Center on the critical issue of economic security for working women. The National Women’s Law Center has been working since 1972 to secure and defend women’s legal rights. We advance the issues that cut to the core of women’s lives in education, employment, family and economic security, and health and reproductive rights—with special attention given to the needs of low-income women and their families. We believe that ending all forms of workplace discrimination is crucial to removing barriers to women’s economic opportunity.

Coalition Action Materials

February 11, 2015

The National Women's Law Center sent a letter to the House of Representatives urging members to vote against the America's Small Business Tax Relief Act (HR 636) and any other business “tax extender” bills unless they are fully paid for by closing corporate tax loopholes.

February 10, 2015

On October 31, 2014, the Schedules that Work Coalition submitted to the Department of Labor workers’ accounts of the impact of difficult scheduling practices in their day-to-day lives.

Webinars & Presentations

Below are resources related to past NWLC webinars, conference calls and other presentations. Please see our list of upcoming calls & webinars.


February 19, 2015

Title IX  Academy is a series of webinars designed for students, parents, educators, and activists to learn more about how Title IX applies to a range of topics. This webinar covers: 

  • An overview of how Title IX applies to sexual assault in educational settings, and 
  • Tips for recognizing Title IX problems at you school and how to address them
February 19, 2015

This is a webinar recording and slides from the Moving Women & Families Forward: A State Roadmap to Economic Justice webinar. During the webinar recording, you'll learn more about advancing a broad agenda made up of policies that can create a more just society for women and families, and how state advocates can work to make it a reality.