Skip to contentNational Women's Law Center

Fact Sheets

2015 State Level Abortion Restrictions: An Extreme Overreach into Women’s Reproductive Health Care

July 31, 2015

State legislators in 2015 continue to enact laws that restrict access to abortion or ban it outright. So far this year, states adopted 52 new restrictions that limit access to abortion. These state restrictions are a dangerous overreach into women’s personal medical decisions.


Women Suffer Two-Thirds of Losses If Congress Fails to Save Key Provisions of Tax Credits for Working Families

July 29, 2015

This fact sheet explains why, when Congress considers changes to the tax code, a key priority should be saving critical provisions of the Child Tax Credit (CTC) and Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) before they expire in 2017.

The Pregnancy Discrimination Amendment Act: One Step Forward and Two Steps Back for Pregnant Workers

July 27, 2015

According to its sponsors, the Pregnancy Discrimination Amendment Act, S. 1590, H.R. 2800, (“Amendment Act”) seeks to address a critical problem of pregnant workers being forced to choose between their jobs and their health when they have a medical need for temporary accommodations. The bill thus reflects the growing, bipartisan awareness of the need to strengthen legal protections for pregnant workers. Unfortunately, the Amendment Act raises more legal questions than it answers and, if enacted, could actually diminish the legal protections pregnant workers currently enjoy. By contrast, the bipartisan Pregnant Workers Fairness Act, S. 1512, H.R. 2654, would provide a clear, flexible rule ensuring reasonable accommodations for pregnant workers who need them.

Pharmacy Refusals 101

July 24, 2015

Refusals to fill prescriptions for contraception and to provide emergency contraception (EC) over-the-counter are an increasing problem across the country. Refusals to provide contraception constitute a serious erosion of reproductive rights and impede women's access to critical health care. This fact sheet provides the context around this growing problem.

Pregnant Workers Make Up a Small Share of the Workforce and Can Be Readily Accommodated: A State-By-State Analysis

July 23, 2015
Pregnant workers in physically demanding jobs are often terminated, forced to quit, or involuntarily placed on unpaid “medical” leave because they ask for simple, reasonable, and temporary accommodations during their pregnancy such as avoiding heavy lifting or a stool to sit on. Instead of honoring these requests, many employers jeopardize the health of women and their pregnancies by making pregnant workers choose between continuing to
work under unsafe conditions or losing their paycheck.  This fact sheet details the actual numbers of pregnant workers in the workforce, a subset of which may require accommodations at some point during their pregnancies.  

Equal Pay for African American Women

July 22, 2015

African American women who work full-time, year round are paid just 64 cents for every dollar a White, non-Hispanic male makes. This wage gap knows no bounds—African American women make less than white, non-Hispanic men even when you control for factors such as their education level, age, or occupation. This fact sheet explains it all.

Fair Pay for African American Women Requires a Fair Minimum Wage

July 21, 2015

The Raise the Wage Act, which would establish one fair minimum wage, is a key step toward fair pay for African American women.

Fair Pay for Latinas Requires a Fair Minimum Wage

July 21, 2015

This fact sheet explains why the Raise the Wage Act, which would establish one fair minimum wage, is a key step toward fair pay for Latinas.

Recently Introduced and Enacted State and Local Fair Scheduling Legislation

July 21, 2015

Employees increasingly face just-in-time scheduling practices, including being given very little notice of their work schedules, being sent home early when work is slow without being paid for their scheduled shifts, and being assigned to call-in shifts or on-call shifts that require them to call their employer or wait to be called by their employer, often within two hours of their potential shift, to find out whether they will be required to report to work. In addition, many employees have very little ability to make adjustments to their work schedules without penalty. More than a third of parents say they have been “passed over” for a promotion, a raise, or a new job due to a need for a flexible work schedule. Among low-wage workers, about half report having little flexibility in the hours that they work.

There is a growing movement to improve workplace scheduling practices so that workers and their families can better plan their lives. In the past year, lawmakers have introduced legislation at the federal, state and local level to respond to these difficult scheduling practices. In 2014, San Francisco passed a Retail Workers’ Bill of Rights. The Ordinance provides scheduling protections for employees in certain types of jobs. Also in 2014, Michigan introduced a bill modeled after the federal scheduling legislation that was introduced earlier that same year, the Schedules That Work Act. And in 2015, California, Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New York and Oregon introduced bills to curb difficult scheduling practices. This fact sheet provides an overview of this recently enacted and proposed state and local legislation.

The Hyde Amendment Creates an Unacceptable Barrier To Women Getting Abortions

July 21, 2015
The federal laws that withhold insurance coverage of abortion from qualified women threaten women’s health and well-being. These restrictions, commonly known as “the Hyde Amendment,” particularly harm low-income women and women of color. These restrictions must be overturned so that a woman has the insurance coverage she needs to make a real decision about whether or not to end a pregnancy.