The general trend since the end of the Second World War has been expanding roles for women in the armed forces. This paper provides background information on the history and status of policy governing assignment of military women.
Recognizing that when women succeed, their families and the economy prosper, some legislative leaders are taking action to create opportunities for women in the workplace. The National Women’s Law Center applauds these efforts because investment in women’s economic security is vital for women and their families.
The minimum wage is falling short for millions of Americans — especially for women, who represent nearly two-thirds of minimum wage workers across the country, and at least half of minimum wage workers in every state. Use this chart to see how the states compare.
This fact sheets explains how the importance of Social Security Disability Insurance to women's economic security has increased as women's labor force participation has increased.
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) makes historic strides for women’s health and economic security, but is once again under attack. The health care law provides premium tax credits and other financial assistance to help low and moderate-income individuals and families—many of whom are women—purchase health insurance and reduce out-of-pocket expenses such as co-payments and deductibles. The Supreme Court will soon hear one of several challenges opponents of the law have brought against this core provision of the ACA, and will likely issue its decision by early summer. The National Women’s Law Center (NWLC)’s new analysis of data from the American Community Survey shows what’s at stake for women in King v. Burwell. As the accompanying table and the following highlights illustrate, millions of women – including a disproportionate number of women of color – could lose access to affordable health coverage in states with federally-facilitated insurance Marketplaces.
Advocates and families can download these materials to learn more about federal tax credits or to use in their community outreach.
This fact sheet details the investments in access to affordable, high-quality child care and early education in President Obama's FY 2015 budget proposal.
The economic security of women and families is directly tied to a woman’s access to reproductive health care. As the United States Supreme Court has said, “The ability of women to participate equally in the economic and social life of the Nation has been facilitated by their ability to control their reproductive lives.” The ability to decide when and whether to become a parent due to access to reproductive health care has led to a dramatic increase both in women’s participation in the workforce and families’ reliance on women’s earnings. Yet, accessing reproductive health care can be costly for women, if available at all, because of ever-increasing government-imposed barriers that threaten their health and economic well-being. It is imperative to strike down these barriers and ensure every woman has access to safe and affordable reproductive health services – women’s economic security could depend on it.
Child and dependent care expenses can take a huge bite out of families' budgets. With few increases in state or federal funding, direct child care assistance is not available to every family that needs help paying for child and dependent care. The federal Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit and similar state tax provisions can help eligible families offset their child care expenses.
This memorandum serves as a supplement to the 2011 report Making Care Less Taxing and summarizes changes to state and federal child and dependent care tax provisions that took effect or were enacted in 2014.