How the Wage Gap Hurts Women and Families
American women who work full time, year round are paid only 77 cents for every dollar paid to their male counterparts.2 This gap in earnings translates into $11,608 less per year in median earnings, leaving women and their families shortchanged. Although enforcement of the Equal Pay Act and civil rights laws has helped narrow the wage gap over time, addressing the significant pay disparities that remain is critical for women and their families.
Mothers are paid less than fathers.
- Mothers who work full time, year round typically have lower earnings than fathers ($38,000 compared to $55,000), meaning mothers only make 69 cents for every dollar paid to fathers.4
The wage gap impacts single women with no children as well, who are also working to support themselves.
• In 2012, almost 14.6 million married couples with no children relied on both partners’ earnings, representing 39.8 percent of all married couples with no children.23
31 Supra note 1 – Child Care.
32 Id. at Appendix 3.
33 U.S. Census Bureau, Who’s Minding the Kids? Child Care Arrangements: Spring 2011, Detailed Tables, Table 6: Average Weekly Child Care Expenditures of Families with Employed Mothers that Make Payments, by Age Groups and Selected Characteristics: Spring 2011 (2012), available at http://www.census.gov/hhes/childcare/data/sipp/2011/tables.html.
34 Supra note 1 – Health Insurance Premiums.
35 R. Robertson and S.R. Collins, The Commonwealth Fund, Women at Risk: Why Increasing Numbers of Women Are Failing to Get the Health Care They Need and How the Affordable Care Act Will Help (2011), available at http://www.commonwealthfund.org/Publications/Issue-Briefs/2011/May/Women-at-Risk.aspx.
36 Supra note 1 – Loan Payments.